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Listen to the story of the Peacemaker and Hiawatha. Learn how they convinced each nation to join under one longhouse.

The most important wampum belt to the Haudenosaunee people is the Hiawatha belt. Hiawatha is the name of the Peacemaker’s helper. This belt is the record of when the Seneca, Cayuga, Onondaga, Oneida, and Mohawk set down their weapons and stopped fighting. The symbols on the flag represent the order in which each tribe chose peace. Some people believe the belt is thousands of years old. The flag of the Haudenosaunee is designed to look like the belt.

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Making Connections


The Haudenosaunee lived in longhouses with many family members. Would you like to share a home with as many people as the Haudenosaunee do? Please explain your answer.


Have you read another book about an American Indian nation? If so, how is their culture similar to or different from the Iroquois people?


The Iroquois recorded some of their history in wampum belts. What are other ways history can be recorded without writing?

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