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Droughts often cause soil to crack. Soil holds water. But droughts dry up water in the ground. They can lower the amount of water in the soil. As the water evaporates, the soil becomes very dry. Cracks can form as a result. For the drought to end, an area may need months of rain.

Extreme droughts can dry up everything. Even rivers and lakes can dry up during a drought. This can cause fish and other animals to die, but it can also lead to discovery. During a 2011 drought in Texas, water levels dropped. In one town, people discovered an old grave. The grave had been more than 20 feet underwater. The drought dried all that water up.

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Making Connections


Are droughts common where you live? Why or why not?


Have you read books about other kinds of natural disasters? How are they similar to droughts? How are they different?


During a drought, an area has less water than usual. Why does conserving water help during a drought?

Teacher Resources

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